American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) - Light-Duty Electric Drive Vehicle and Charging Infrastructure Testing
The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) was tasked by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) to collect electric drive vehicle and charging infrastructure data for several deployment projects funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). These projects included charging infrastructure deployments, grid-connected electric drive vehicle deployments, and deployments with both vehicles and charging infrastructure. This represents the largest ever deployment of grid-connected battery electric vehicles (BEVs), extended range electric vehicles (EREVs), plug-in electric drive vehicles, and charging infrastructure.
This website contains fact sheets, technical reports, and presentations that have been reported to the DOE-VTO, project participants, and the general public. This information is being used to help DOE plan for the successful future deployment of additional grid-connected electric drive vehicles and charging infrastructure. Increasing the use of electricity as a transportation fuel supports the DOE goals of reducing the United States' dependency on foreign petroleum and enhances the overall security of the United States.
The EV Project - Plug-in Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Demonstration
INL partnered with Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation (ETEC), Nissan, General Motors, and more than 10,000 other city, regional and state governments, electric utilities, other organizations and members of the general public, to deploy over 12,000 AC Level 2 (208-240V) charging units and over 100 dual-port DC fast chargers in 20 metropolitan areas. Approximately 8,300 Nissan LEAF™, Chevrolet Volts, and Smart ForTwo Electric Drive vehicles were also enrolled in the project. The EV Project is the largest deployment and evaluation project of electric drive vehicles and charging infrastructure to date. The project took place in the following metropolitan areas:
- Phoenix and Tucson, Arizona
- Los Angeles, San Diego, and San Francisco, California
- Washington, D.C.
- Atlanta, Georgia
- Chicago, Illinois
- Portland, Eugene, Salem, and Corvallis, Oregon
- Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- Chattanooga, Knoxville, Memphis, and Nashville, Tennessee
- Dallas/Fort Worth and Houston, Texas
- Seattle, Washington
Project participants gave written consent for EV Project researchers to collect and analyze data from their vehicles and/or charging units. The data collection phase of The EV Project ran from January 1, 2011, through December 31, 2013 and captured almost 125 million miles of driving and 4 million charging events. Idaho National Laboratory is responsible for analyzing the data collected and publishing results. This page contains summary reports, maps, technical papers, and lessons learned on vehicle and charging unit use. Additional documents on charging infrastructure deployment planning produced by project partners are also included below.
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Some of the above documents are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs (Download Acrobat Reader).